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The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
Russia Update: May 13, 2016

Publication: Russia Update
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The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
With Editors' Departure from RBC, a 'Friday the 13th' for Russian Media and Memory of 'Greatest Hits"

With the dismissal of RBC's editors and threats against other independent media, today felt like an unlucky "Friday the 13th" for Russia, as a number of Russian bloggers have said.

Lentach is a Twitter account made by the former journalists of Lenta.ru, whose editor-in-chief, Galina Timchenko was fired after publishing an interview with Ukranian former ultranationalist Right Sector leader Dmytro Yarosh. She and a number of the journalists who quit in protest went to Riga, Latvia, and formed Meduza, an independent news site in Russian and English with reporters inside Russia covering events there.

Translation: Friday the 13th in Russia

Lentach then listed the ominous headlines for today, spelling not only a crackdown on media and the Internet but the opposition and indeed any critics of the regime:

- Runet Will Be Entirely Segregated by 2020

(Runet is the Russian and Russian-language Internet, which the Kremlin hopes to sequester from the pernicious influences of the Western Internet.

- Navalny Questioned Re: Involvement in ISIS

(Anti-corruption campaign Alexey Navalny focuses only on domestic corruption issues and is unrelated to ISIS in any way, so it seems an absurd pretext.) 

- Chernovik: Home of Local resident Who Complained to Putin About Kadyrov Burned in Chechen Village of Kenkhi

(Chernovik is a regional independent paper which had reported on the revenge unleashed on this critic. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov claimed there was no basis to the story, and it would be too hard to haul barrels of oil up to this mountainous location such as to torch a home. In fact, Novaya Gazeta supplied pictures and reports from villagers and relatives confirming the incident.

- Roskomnadzor May Gain Right to Turn Off Sites Before Trial

(Roskomnadzor is the state censor which under law, can request to have sites turned off which should be reviewed by a judge.) 

- State Duma Supports Restriction on Departure from Russia

(The right to leave and return from Russia freely was a hard-won right that Russians gained with the collapse of the Soviet Union, but it has recently become restricted for various categories of people. When opposition activists have criminal cases fabricated against them, the first thing to happen is that they lose the right to travel abroad.)

For Russia-watchers on Twitter, there was a wake for the RBC that once was, as the news traveled that articles now have to be cleared by the general manager -- himself the subject of a criminal investigation now.

People recalled what was important about RBC and mourned its passing.

On Facebook, RBC published a list of what they considered their best investigative work during the tenure of Osetinskaya, (translation by The Interpreter):

- What's Behind the Expansion of MGU 

(On Katerina Tikhonova, the woman said to be Putin's daughter).

- Who is Building the Shamalov Family's Business

(On Kirill Shamalov, husband of Katerina Tikhonova, said to be Putin's son-in-law, and his family.

- On What Money is Vladimir Putin's Popular Front Living On?

(Investigation into Putin's new vehicle for elections, now that United Russia and various Kremlin-created youth groups have been discredited.)

- How the Friends of the President and Mayor of Moscow Got Involved in Oil

- Where are the Russian Federation Soldiers in Ukraine From?

- How Much is Russia Spending on the War in Syria

- Building BAM: Who, What, and Why

(On reconstruction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline, a Soviet-era highway project, and its relationship to Vladimir Yakunin, former head of Russian Railways).

- What Russian Trade Unions Are Living On

- Who is Making Money from Building the Moscow Metro

- Who is Making Money on the Vostochny Cosmodrome and How

- How the Battle Against Corruption in Russia is Structured

- On Whose Cash is the Donbass Living

- On What the Church Lives On

- Who Owns Street Trade in Moscow

In their "obituary" for RBC, Slon.ru mentioned these same top hits and added a few more:

- Who is Making Money on the Repair of Moscow's Roads

- Who is Making Money on the Reconstruction of Moscow

- How the Higher Economics School Earns Money

In short, RBC's willingness to look critically behind Kremlin rhetoric and probe how the elements of Putin's state are constructed and funded, not fearing even investigation of Putin's family and cronies ultimately led to dismissal of their editors.

Kirll Martynov writes in Novaya Gazeta of the "hybrid war against the media," borrowing the term used about Russia's combination of covert and overt warfare in Ukraine. He notes that the authorities try to convince journalists that no one is interfering in the media and it's all just a series of coincidences -- the searches at RBC's owner, ONEKSIM, the criminal case against the management, and finally the dismissal of the editors"

"Aleksei Volin, deputy head of the Ministry of Communications said as much: there is no political agenda here, it's not worth even looking for one.

The tactics in fact are familiar and have been assimilated by the speakers who made official commentary regarding Crimea, and then Donetsk, where, as we know, there were only self-defense forces. If Trotsky had the slogan 'neither peace nor war but a bayonet in the ground,' then today, it's like this: 'We aren't involved, and for your own welfare you must believe in this.' The readiness to believe is part of the possible deal guaranteeing that you yourself will not be the object of a hybrid interest."

The fear is that the few other remaining news outlets will be targeted next.

Elizaveta Antonova, a correspondent from the politics department of RBC, wrote on her Facebook:

"I feel a great love and gratitude. I am happy that I was a part of this. I dreamed of landing here, and tried to get in for a long time. Then I sat across from [politics department head Maksim] Glikin and from time to time would think 'wow, am I really here, what fortune this is.' Badanin, Osetinskaya and Solyus are fired. What will be next is totally understandable. The politics department will work until the first piece removed."

-- Catherine A. Fitzpatrick 

The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
RBC's Remaining Editors will Have To Clear Their Stories With The General Director
As we've been reporting, amid significant pressure against the independent news agency RBC, the head editors at the news agency have been forced to resign:
Now, Meduza reports that all remaining editors will have to clear their stories with the general director, Nikolai Molibog. "Staff at RBC's politics desk say they're prepared to keep working 'until the first story is taken down.'"
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Remaining 'RBC' editors will need to clear their stories with the general director - Meduza

The remaining editors at the independent news company RBC will be required to get prior approval from the organization's general director, Nikolai Molibog, for all news stories, according to Meduza's sources. Staff at RBC's politics desk say they're prepared to keep working "until the first story is taken down."

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May 13, 2016 22:26 (GMT)
-- James Miller
The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
Putin Vows to 'Clip Threats from US Anti-Missile Defense' in Romania
President Vladimir Putin promised to "clip" the "threats from USA anti-missile defense in Romania" at a meeting with the Defense Ministry and representatives of the military-industrial complex in Russia, RBC reported.

Putin used the Russian word kupirovat' which is most often used in Russian for situations like clipping a dog's tail or excising a text: (translation by The Interpreter):

Now, after deployment of elements of an anti-missile system [NATO in Europe], we are forced to think about how to clip threats emerging regarding the security of the Russian Federation.

Putin said NATO's introduction of radar stations "complicates the international situation around Russia," says RBC.

Recent events indicate that the situation is not getting better. Unfortunately, it is getting worse, meaning now the introduction of the radar stations in Romania as one of the elements of a prospective USA anti-missile defense.

Placement of anti-missile defense in Europe "is not a defensive system, it is part of the nuclear strategic potential of the USA, brought to the periphery," he said.

The BBC reported that the US has activated a land-based missile defense station in Romani which will "form part of a larger and controversial European shield":

The US says the Aegis system is a shield to protect Nato countries from short and medium-range missiles, particularly from the Middle East; there are currently US troops in Iraq and Syria fighting ISIS. 

The US and NATO have resorted to a nuclear defense to accommodate convential threats from not only the Middle East but notably Russia in the past.

But Russia sees it as a security threat - a claim denied by Nato.

NATO secretary Jens Stoltenberg says the shield in Romania and a similar one in Poland do not undermine Russia's nuclear deterrent, the BBC reported:

"The interceptors are too few and located too far south or too close to Russia to be able to intercept Russian intercontinental ballistic missiles,

Putin is echoing the Soviet position regarding events of the 1980s when the Soviet Union placed SS-20 nuclear missiles aimed at Western Europe in the Ural Mountains and threatened to put them in its satellites in Eastern Europe, and the West, led by the US, began to place some Pershing and Cruise missiles in European countries, sparking a massive European peace movement seeking to remove the US missiles, mainly oblivious to the Soviet missiles.

Ultimately, the standoff was resolved when reforms began under Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985 and then the Soviet Union itself collapsed in 1991 and there were East-West negotiations to reduce both US and Russian missiles.

Now, Putin is starting the clock today, even as he echoes the past, by failing to acknowledge first the legitimate threats from the Middle East, but more to the point, what might prompt Western military responses regarding his own country: Russia's relentless aggression first in annexing Crimea, then launching and continuing to back war in the Donbass; continuing the annexation of South Ossetia and Abkhazia wrested from Georgia after the 2008 invasion; and endlessly provoking Baltic and Scandinavian neighbors in various skirmishes involving their air space and waters. 

The Kremlin position is that the West is initially at fault for supporting Ukraine's turn to the West in the EU Association Agreement that engendered the Maidan protests that eventually toppled Viktor Yanukovych, Moscow's ally in the region, and even considers joining NATO. But under Russian pressure and German acquiescence, NATO rejected Ukraine's and Georgia's bid to start the membership process in 2008, and has made no indication of accepting these former Soviet republics as member now. Putin has also never adequately explained why essentially an enhanced trade agreement between Ukraine and the EU would cause Russia damage given that Russia has preferred trade with Belarus and other former Soviet republics.

Putin also didn't mention the Sarmat, Russia's new intercontinental ballistic missile which will be ready for field trials this summer, according to government media.

-- Catherine A. Fitzpatrick

The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
Editors of RBC Forced to Resign; Criminal Case Opened Against Management; Pressure on Free Media

The editors of RBC, an independent news site, left the company today, with the general director citing irreconcilable differences with management, RBC reported.

In a press release on the RBC web site saying the editors were "leaving." Nikolai Molibog, RBC's general editor; Elizaveta Osetinskaya, editor-in-chief; Maksim Solyus, chief editor of the RBC newspaper; and also Roman Badanin, chief editor of the RBC news agency said (translation by The Interpreter):

Recently we have had a great deal of discussion about how to further develop RBC; we could not come to a united opinion in these discussions on a number of important issues, therefore we have made the decision to part. I want to thank Elizaveta, Roman and Maksim for their work and contribution in the development of the company.

Their last day is today, May 13. Molibog said information about new appointments would be released later.

But Novaya Gazeta cited sources that said that the shareholders had requested the dismissal of Solyus, and Osetinskaya and Badanin declared their resignation after Solyus' dismissal was announced in the presence of the editorial staff.

A tweet of the meeting shows the staff smiling evidently before the announcement was made. 

Translation: Announcement.

Meduza reported that Ira Malkova has been appointed acting editor of unified RBC publications for now, and that other staff may resign in protest.


Ира Малкова - я остаюсь в рбк ориентировочно до 30 июня. а... | Facebook

я остаюсь в рбк ориентировочно до 30 июня. а рбк соответственно остается с вами, друзья.

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May 13, 2016 19:11 (GMT)

Translation: I will remain in RBC approximately until June 30.

The news of the dismissals and forced resignations comes after yesterday's report that a criminal case had been opened up against the top management of RBC regarding fraud allegations in a sale of shares in another company two years ago.

As we have reported in recent weeks:

Three red flags known to all independent media in Russia from similar attacks in the past have occurred  -- 1) searches of the owner of the media; 2) a hurried trip abroad by the editor 3) a hit-job on editors in pro-Kremlin media. 

Elizaveta Osetinskaya, the editor-in-chief, announced on April 22 that she had decided to depart for Stanford University in California for a sabbatical, four months earlier than planned.

RBC has been one of the last remaining independent wire services and investigative reporter in Russia as media has been increasingly coopted to suit the Kremlin.

According to Novaya Gazeta and Gazeta, President Vladimir Putin himself gave the order to search RBC's owner, Mikhail Prokhorov, because he was angry about critical coverage of Katerina Tikhonova, said to be his daughter, and her wealth businessman husband Kirill Shamalov. RBC has consistently run critical coverage of Putin's lukewarm privatization campaign and "import substitution" as well as about allegations of corruption involving top officials, and has reported leaks from investigation of the murder of Boris Nemtsov. RBC has also carried summaries of critical foreign media stories.

-- Catherine A. Fitzpatrick 

The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
Alexey Navalny Stopped By Police And Questioned About ISIS

Leading opposition figure and anti-corruption campaigner Alexey Navalny was stopped this morning by police in the southwestern Krasnodar region.

Navalny tweeted that he, his family and several members of his Anti-Corruption Fund (FBK) were stopped by police while travelling in a bus. The police officers told him that they were acting as part of 'operation Anaconda.'


Operation Anaconda is a highway police effort aimed at stopping the smuggling of drugs and weapons in the Krasnodar region.

But, incredibly, Navalny was asked by police whether he was involved in ISIS.

Translation: They are really checking for involvement in ISIS. I shaved my beard this morning as I sensed something. It hasn't helped. You can't hoodwink the Kuban Interior Ministry.

Eventually the group were released by the police.


Translation: Still there

Vedomosti reports that Maria Pirogova, official spokesman for the Krasnodar regional branch of the Interior Ministry, said that the incident was a routine stop as part of operation Anaconda.

But it comes at a time when Navalny is under renewed pressure from the Russian authorities. With his brother, Oleg, already in jail on trumped-up charges and a suspended sentence hanging over his own head, Navalny's FBK is now being investigated by the Prosecutor's office and he himself fears another prosecution related to alleged malfeasance while serving on the board of directors at Aeroflot.

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Russian Prosecutors Target Opposition Leader Navalny In Fresh Probe

Russian prosecutors have asked at least two state-owned companies to provide information about possible illegal actions taken by opposition leader Aleksei Navalny, who says he believes similar requests have been sent to several other companies targeted in his anticorruption investigations.

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May 13, 2016 11:04 (GMT)
-- Pierre Vaux
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