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The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
January 3, 2016

Publication: Windows on Eurasia
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The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
Kadyrov Threatens to Punish Relatives of Chechens Who Took Part in Protest Abroad
Staunton, VA - January 3, 2016 -- Chechnya head Ramzan Kadyrov, who earlier announced he would punish and otherwise put pressure on relatives of those who engage in violence, has now extended that idea to relatives of Chechens living abroad who protest his repressive regime, thus transforming many into the republic’s population into hostages in the worst Soviet tradition.

That action is dangerous in and of itself, but it is especially worrisome because it is likely to become a precedent for Vladimir Putin and thus make all Russians with relatives abroad, an increasingly large number given rising emigration, hostages and give the Kremlin leader a means of extending the reach of his repressive regime abroad.

If as seems all too likely Kadyrov’s action will be ignored by most Western governments despite these implications, it is almost certain that the Putin regime and its supporters will see such silence as an implicit acceptance of this outrageous behavior and thus feel confident that Moscow can use this kind of action with impunity.

On December 28, Kadyrov declared that “we have a custom, a brother is responsible for a brother. I have given the order to find out if those [who took part in a December 24 meeting in Vienna protesting his regime’s actions] have a brother, father, or are part of a teip … and why they permit themselves to speak out on the leadership of the republic and the people."

Kadyrov said that the authorities “will use all resources: law, traditions, and religion” against those whose relatives are demonstrating and seek to get them to disown them, a serious demand in a family-based society like that of Chechnya. “If [such people] do not take decisions on their own, we will demand them.”

The Interpreter
@Interpreter_Mag
Russian-to-English translation journal, with original analysis and commentary on Russia's foreign & domestic policy.
Interpreter_Mag
Russia’s Neighbors Don’t Have to Be Dependent on Russia for Energy, Illarionov Says
Staunton, VA, January 3, 2016 -- One of the arguments those opposed to the collapse of the USSR frequently offered and one that those who believe that these countries must remain in Moscow’s sphere of influence is that they are inevitably going to be dependent on the Russian Federation for energy supplies.

But that argument, often heard in Moscow and still heard in Western countries as well, reflects “stereotypical” thinking which real events on the ground are showing to be without foundation, according to economist Andrey Illarionov (see here and here).

The Moscow scholar points out that despite its size, Lithuania decided to pursue “real energy independence from Russia” and “in the course of the last several years, [Vilnius] has achieved this. That means that any other country … is capable of achieving energy independence from Russia.”

Not only will that free these countries of the kind of Russian leverage to which they are subject to at the present time, Illarionov says, but it will mean that Russia as “an energy power” will cease to exist.” Russia will still have oil and gas, but if no one abroad buys it, these resources will remain at home.

That will affect the Russian economy across the board even as it changes Russia’s geopolitical situation. And then perhaps Russia will follow Kazakhstan’s approach, a country in which income from the sale of petroleum constitutes an even larger portion of the state budget than in Russia but which is pursuing a policy of diversifying its national economy.

“The more appropriate policy being conducted by among others the authoritarian regime of Kazakhstan is giving completely different results” both at home and abroad. And it is leading to a radical change in the balance between Russia and her neighbors both economically and politically.

Indeed, Inozemtsev says, “any other country which conducts a more appropriate economic policy and has higher rates of growth may pass Russia in terms of GDP per capita.” Russians aren’t ready for this but they need to be because that is the current trend and the Baltic countries are showing the way.

“Having supported European sanctions against Russia,” the economist continues, “Lithuania imposed national sanctions as well and declared its readiness to completely do without Russian gas.” Moreover, Vilnius has ratified the Ukraine-EU accord and “offered the Ukrainian government help in the construction of a terminal” for gas from elsewhere.


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